Acne is a condition that affects the skin due to blockages in the follicles, which connect the sebaceous glands (these glands produce sebum, our skins natural oil) to the skins surface. These blockages are caused by excess sebum and dead cells clumping together to create a blockage to the follicle. This process results in the formation of a pimple. As such, this blockage can now form a favourable environment for bacteria, which is normally harmless on the skin. However when the follicle is infected symptoms of swelling, puss and redness in the affected area can occur.
The factors of acne formation are:
Dead cell build up
The exact cause of why acne forms in the first place is unknown; however one or many of these factors can result in acne. It should be noted that there are other contributing factors to take into consideration when trying to understand an underlying cause in acne formation, including the following:
Puberty - during puberty hormones called androgens increase leading to a rise in sebum production and enlarged pores. This can exaggerate acne as a result.
Hormone changes - due to pregnancy or oral contraception can alter sebum production.
Certain medication can also exaggerate acne. For further information check with your doctor.
Family History: Acne can run in families.
Oily substances: Oily lotions/creams or grease - these can contribute and exaggerate acne.
Management of Acne
Acne can be a complex condition. In advanced cases, topical or oral medication prescribed to you by your doctor may be required. However in most mild cases acne can be managed with a cosmedic routine specifically design to aid in acne management. Such cosmedic processes include the following:
· Cleansing - Removes excess oil.
· Exfoliating - Removal of dead skin cells.
· Mask - Designed to absorb excess oil and aid in exfoliation.
· Moisturiser - That doesn’t contain free oils to clog pores.
Additionally, there are cosmetics available that contain active ingredients such as Glycolic Acid and Salicylic Acid, which can aid in acne management. Speak to your David Deans Skincare Therapist for a Professionally recommended products.
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